Forensics vs Forensic Science

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If you bring up forensics in a conversation, those involved will often start thinking of scenes from the television show CSI (Crime Scene Investigation). It’s synonymous with scouring crime scenes for minute clues to help criminal investigators create leads in various cases.

Because of the misunderstanding that’s developed about criminal investigations and forensics, many don’t realize that there is an acute difference between forensics and forensic science.

Currently, forensic science gets shortened in most discussions to “forensics.” The word “forensic” actually relates to debates, and comes from the Latin word “forensis” or “of or before the forum.” This concept became most prominent in ancient Rome where both the accused and the accuser involved in a judicial case had to advance their arguments in front of a public forum. This led to the usage of the term “forensics” for both public debate and the presentation of legal evidence.

This concept of “evidence” is what has caused it to run parallel and merge with forensic science. As the judicial system evolved, so, too, did the evidence that was required in cases. No longer was it a matter of verbal debate; instead other forms of evidence were necessary. The concept, that being “forensic” or “before the forum” still holds true. The only thing that has changed is the type of evidence that’s being presented.

While some modern dictionaries will actually merge the two and provide similar or identical definitions, they are quite separate by origin and practical application.

The term forensics refers to public debate which includes the presentation of evidence and rhetoric. Forensic Science is something different. It deals specifically with the gathering, identification, research, and scientific interpretation of evidence to determine such things as who was involved in a crime.

In addition to confusing the terms forensics and forensic science, people often mistake forensic science for criminalistics. However, it’s important to keep these terms in context too. Forensic science involves any discipline that can be applied to evidence. Criminalistics is just one of the subdivisions of forensic science.

Some of the disciplines that fall under the umbrella of “forensic science” are:

-Computer Forensics -Forensic Accounting -Forensic Audio Engineering -Forensic Linguistics -Forensic Pathology -Forensic Psychology -Forensic Engineering -Criminalistics

Criminalistics itself is the scientific discipline which brings together various natural sciences such as biology and chemistry to the examination, identification, and comparison of certain types of evidence. Criminalists deal with biological evidence including DNA and bodily fluids, trace evidence such as fibers, hair, and soil, and impression evidence such as fingerprints and tire tracks. They also are involved with ballistics, drug analysis, crime scene photography and reconstruction.

As you can see, the forensic sciences deal specifically with the research and examination of evidence so that such evidence can be admitted to and used within the legal system. Forensics on the other hand should be viewed not as the science behind the evidence, but as the presentation and use of the research once it’s completed.

Cbse India Introduces A Common Syllabus For Maths & Science!

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The Union Ministry of Human Resource and CBSE India are leaving no stone unturned to make lives easy for school students across the various boards in India! The latest stride towards this endeavor is the introduction of a common syllabus for Maths and Science for the students of classes XI and XII across all the educational boards. Therefore, from the academic year starting 2011-12, students from all the boards in the country can look forward to a uniform syllabus!

An initiative like this by CBSE India will ensure a level playing field for all the students while they prepare for their engineering and medical entrance examinations. Hence, while all you students studying in classes XI & XII, preparing for your national level engineering and medical entrance exams from the year 2012, need no longer worry about the extensive syllabi covered by your friend in CBSE or other national/ state board.

A common syllabus is just the first step by the Human Resource Ministry and CBSE India towards a flexible pattern of education that is comparable to the education systems existing in the West. CBSE India also has plans in the pipeline to conduct a common entrance exam for Medical and Engineering courses in India by 2013. If such a plan by CBSE India gains acceptance from all the academic corners in the country, life after class XII is only set to get easier for students.

However, implementation of a common syllabus by CBSE India has also garnered a lot of criticism by NCERT. NCERT is of the view that Council of School Board of Education (COBSE) has no right to push the common syllabus agenda. NCERT believes that the decision to undertake any curriculum revision exercise should rightfully rest with itself as NCERT has been instrumental in all such changes over the past years. It also believes that COBSE is just a coordinating body between the various school boards in the country.

Amidst all this controversy, major stakes are now on successful implementation of this common syllabus scheme for Maths and Science. Success of a common syllabus like this could also spread cheer in the lives of students studying in the Commerce and Humanities streams. Talks are around for a uniform syllabus for various subjects in these streams as well. What more could have students asked for to ensure a smooth and stress-free studying experience!

There are various websites that provide CBSE-aligned learning resources for students studying in classes V-XII. A common syllabus for Maths and Science will also ensure that more students can now seek help from such websites and reap benefits of quality and extensive learning resources.

All students studying under CBSE India can expect a lot of good news in the near future as well.

All the best for the future!

Multimedia Led Projector With Built-in Dvd Player-usb, Hdmi, Vga, Av, Atsc

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Now days, more and more home like to watch movie in their house with a projector, so you will never go to theater to watch a file, just store the movies in this player, then you can watch films. Also, most of offices are using this device, to show some materials to workmates. So Multimedia LED projectors will become more and more popular in near further.
Today, we will introduce zipgoods.com a new multimedia LED projector, which built in a DVD player in it. With this device, you will have a projector for enjoying movies and TV.
This multimedia led projector can provide clear images, The LED light source delivers a wider color range and deeper color saturation than traditional lamps and provides clear, crisp images for any type of media from videos and TV. Although it is a small sized device, but you can enjoy splendor movies with it.
We can say that this multimedia composite all multimedia in it. It built in a DVD player in body, besides this, it also can be connected to your computer, home video system, or receive TV with its built-in ATSC tuner. It is not only can be used in your home, you can use it in your offices, conference rooms, classrooms, living rooms, etc. so it is widely used in our daily life.
You may worry about its quality of LED lamps, we will say that you can not worry about this. The LED light source consumes less energy than traditional lamp-based projectors and is mercury free. It offers up to 50,000 hours lamp life, which means that it can last for more than 30 years (4 hours a day). Furthermore, LEDs stay cool, you can turn off the projector and pack it up without having to wait for the lamp to cool down first. After you do a demonstration in your meeting room, you can collect it immediately, and get back to your work soon.
Besides its good functions, this multimedia LED projector has a nice design, with its sexy body, you will love it at first glance. If you put it on in your home or your bed room, it will be considered as a artwork.
So, if you want to enjoy clear movies now, get this multimedia LED projector soon.

Websites For Artists The Impact Of Information Technology To The World

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Information technology soars high with its never ending commitment – to provide the highest quality technology-based services in the most cost-effective manner. It changed how the world looks like as time passed by. It provides support for audio/visual, computer, multimedia, voice and video and even websites for artists.

Information technology can be found everywhere. From the newspaper we read everyday to the most advanced gadget we use, all of them are products of information technology.

Graphics and Animations

Computer graphics and animations are working hand in hand to bring the most modern effects in cinematography. 3D or the three-dimensional image is an example of how information technology evolves in the world of film making. Walt Disney, Universal Studios, and Pixar Animation are examples of companies that produce films in 3D Formats. Artist and directors made their lives easier in filming movies and putting up websites for artists through the help of information technology. Now, they can film a scene inside a small space without going to a distant place and can create a site that will look so authentic.

Photography

Information technology is also making its name in world of photography. Photos are more vivid compared in the past. Thanks to the newly-invented camera lenses that generate images in full HD.

Entertainment

Websites for artists are connected to entertainment as well. Music, an art form whose medium is sound, is the most popular area of entertainment. Just like other fields, the world of entertainment flocks its wings with information technology. 3D surround sound and the most common sound format Dolby Digital are products of information technology. Movies use these sound formats to deliver a more fascinating sound experience like no other.
Music tracks are now developing with the help of information technology. From a phonograph disc which plays mono sounds to a highly digital stereo. Tracks are now recorded in compact disk that delivers good sound quality.

Medicine

Medicine is the most important field of all. It is where IT developers give their time to create new inventions to help save lives. IT specialists are working double to provide medicine advancements. An example of this is the latest gadget that mimics embryo experience that shows promise for infertility treatment.

The World Wide Web

The World Wide Web is the information superhighway; the trade of all trades. This is where everything can be found; websites for artists most specifically. Billions of information stream endlessly here.

Information technology is found everywhere, committed to provide excellence in many fields.

Variant Types Of Computer Networks

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A computer network is the practice of linking two or more computing devices together to exchange information. Networks are built with a mix of hardware
and software. This network is to share services and communicate via a communication link.

A computer network is very useful in a business. Most companies have over time more of a team and is often very beneficial to the network for all computers in the office. Local Area Network (LAN) equipment to your company. It’s about sharing and exchange different types of information as possible. If there are networks of computers, you hear these reasons.

There are different types of computer networks. A computer can be as simple as connecting two computers or a computer and a printer, or it can be very complex, connecting millions of computers and peripherals. Here is a list of different types of equipment.

The smallest type of network is a Personal Area Network (PAN). This type of computer network to connect a computer to a series of devices. These devices may include, but are not limited to, printers, PDAs and phones. Typically, these are very close to a computer. a Local Area Network (LAN) is a network of small geographical used. An example of this type is a computer network with two or more computers or computers that are connected to a workstation. A version of a LAN is a Wireless LAN (WLAN).

A Campus Area Network (CAN) is ideal for a university, but also occur in industrial plants. This type of computer network between computers in several buildings. This is usually used for bridging and routing. A Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) is a set of interconnected LANs and WANs, but will not extend certain restrictions, such as a city, town or city. Many of them operated in the public schools and used by companies and individuals in the region.

A Wide Area Network (WAN) is a step in a man what kind of computer network that crosses metropolitan or even national boundaries. The most popular WAN is the Internet. This computer network routers and public communications links used for data transport. Many WAN operated by private companies and limited, unlike the Internet. Although these species are the MAN network, computer users most of the other by the size of a Desk Area Network (DAN) on a very Large Global Area Network (GAN).

IvyBot Forex Robot journal – Is IvyBot in support of Real or else is it simply Too useful to be present proper

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IvyBot in the sphere of a new to the job Expert Advisor with the aim of has customary much attention in the sphere of the only remaining a small amount of days and has already had various immense reviews from forex veterans.

At this time are solitary various of the reasons in support of its popularity:

* It’s the solitary automatic trading method with the aim of has the facility to upgrade itself according to the changes in the sphere of the FX marketplace. This marketplace moves up and down all the clock and using a static algorithm is a all right recipe in support of failure. The software has been involuntary to react to each amendment. In the sphere of piece of evidence, in the fiscal emergency it has been updated supplementary than 50 era.

* It has a very impressive ancient performance. In the sphere of 2001 620.14%, in the sphere of 2002 490.32%, in the sphere of 2003 790.32%, in the sphere of 2004 721.97%, in the sphere of 2005 920.00%, in the sphere of 2006 475.89%, in the sphere of 2007 691.87%, in the sphere of 2008 745.11% and in support of the originator 190 days of 2009 its return of investment is 523.98%.

* This robot is based on a unique algorithm with the aim of uses a special combination of the following variables: Technical value patterns, self-assured projection scanning, marketplace liquidity, volatility, trend analysis and weighted value engagement. This algorithm allows Ivy Bot to predict the expectations trends with accuracy of 98%.

* It’s 100% automatic and can composition non-stop 24 hours a daylight hours, 6 days a week with no your enthusiastic participation. This takes away all the possibilities of soul boo-boo.

* You don’t give birth to to be present an practiced trader and you don’t need to give birth to at all technical awareness, in the sphere of order to succeed money.

* The size of your explanation doesn’t carry some weight. You can start trading with having the status of slight having the status of $50.

* IvyBot is not in point of fact lone software, but 4 robots rolled into lone. Each robot is specifically designed to trade with both currency brace (EUR/USD, USD/CHF, EUR/JPY and USD/JPY).

* They offer the greatest customer support in the sphere of the industry and their force answers very fast to all your questions.

Here Go to Trade Global Markets With IvyBot Just Do Download IvyBot – Install With in Min’s – Collect Cash

Android 2.3 Platform Multimedia Enhancements

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Android 2.3 comes with rich multimedia capabilities that will thrill both the common users and the Android developers. With features like mixable audio effects, support for new media formats, access to multiple cameras, the new media framework offers a versatile multimedia experience. Android mobile applications can take advantage of these new and advanced Android 2.3 capabilities to offer a vivid multimedia ecosystem. Outsource Android development team can make use of these various features to enhance the complete multimedia experience.

Audio mixing

Android 2.3 is loaded with a new audio effects API. Android developers can utilize this API to create vivacious audio environments. Audio effects API allow developers to configure audio equalization, bass boost, headphone virtualization, etc. Multiple audio effects can be mixed in a local track or can be applied across multiple tracks globally.

New media formats support

Capturing high-quality audio is feasible with Android 2.3 platform through its support of AAC encoding and AMR wideband encoding in software. Further, support is in-built for VP8 open video compression format and WebM open container format. This support provided by Android 2.3 is expected to set standards for high-definition video playback. WebM lets users to play videos on Web sites like YouTube in the Android Web browser.

Usage of multiple cameras

Android 2.3 comes with the upgraded Camera API allowing the Android developer access to multiple cameras present on the Android device. Android developers can query the Android 2.3 platform regarding the number of cameras on the device and their specific characteristics and then choose to open a particular camera. This allows developers to utilize available resources depending on requirements such as using the back-facing camera with higher quality resolution for taking high-quality photographs or using the front-facing camera with lower quality resolution for video conferencing. The front-facing camera too now can shoot and record videos.

New media framework

This new media framework in Android 2.3 platform now replaces the Open Core whilst maintaining all the older codec/container support for encoding and decoding. Some amount of support is available for extra large display devices like tablets and TVs, e.g., if you have a Samsung Galaxy Tab, Android 2.3 platform will let you make more use of the extra large screen the way Google wants you to. The 2.3 platform supports video chat as well, although to use video chat on tablets, you need to install extra software add-ons. Multitasking allows the users to run simultaneous multimedia sessions such as sending mails, updating spreadsheets and watching favorite videos.

Demolition, Disaster Help Safely Aided By Robots

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It used to be robots were only for the assembly line, but robots are being called upon these days to assist in situations of the utmost danger, not to mention their ongoing industrial uses for demolition.

From trying to seal offshore oil pipe leaks with underwater robot subs to disarming bombs in domestic threats and war zones, robots are being used to safely handle risky circumstances.

The Center for Robot-Assisted Search and Rescue (CRASAR) at Texas A&M University looks into the many uses of robots, including at mine disasters. CRASAR serves as crisis response and research organization which strives to direct and exploit new technology development in robotics and unmanned systems for humanitarian purposes worldwide, according to its website.

It was originally established under the auspices of NIUSR (National Institute for Urban Search and Rescue), and participated in the WTC response, deploying robots on Towers 1 and 2, Building 4, and other areas from the early morning of 9/12/2001 through 10/2/2001.

CRASAR continues helping out and giving input into disaster recovery around the world. CRASAR director Dr. Robin Murphy said in a Jan. 21, 2010, post: The point is not whether CRASAR participates in a disasterbut rather whether we are getting closer to the day when the responders routinely take the robots and other technologies that they own and operate to the incident thats our mission.

For years, robots have been used to demolish structures, even though the wrecking ball and implosion are other trademarks of the demolition industry. Robots take out the risk involved to the operator of construction equipment. Established in Sweden in 1976, Brokk is the worlds leading marketer of robotic demolition machines. Their remote controlled machines are used in cutting, breaking, crushing and other demolition tasks.

In heavy construction and demolition, there is always a certain amount of risk involved when it comes to worker safety, explains Lars Lindgren, president at Brokk Inc. USA.

Although there are many forms of protection available hard hats, goggles, breathing masks, etc. some situations are beyond the help of personal protection. Removing the operator from the equation significantly lowers the risk of injury from operating
tools and equipment in potentially dangerous construction zones. Integrating electric remote controlled equipment into a construction fleet can help minimize dangerous situations while adding value and peace of mind, Lindgren added.

Increase Multimedia Keyboard Experience

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It’s been a long time since manufacturers started including extra keys on their keyboards. These keys were supposed to increase usability and offer shortcuts for many typical tasks. But how many computer users were actually using these extra keys?

In point of fact, not many. Each manufacturer provided their own sets of keys, and unique keyboard drivers that people were reluctant to install, and bulky buggy software that was supposed to handle extra key presses.

Keyboard Maniac adds a new dimension to the ability to control applications on your computer using convenient keyboard shortcuts and on any keyboard from any manufacturer. Put your music at your fingertips by controlling your favorite multimedia player with dedicated multimedia keys. Use your wireless keyboard as a powerful, fully functional remote control for watching movies. Save time by scripting your day-to-day tasks with pre-recorded keyboard macros.

Assign a single, easy-to-remember keyboard shortcut that does all the complex actions with a single press by recording global or application-specific macros. Macros are sets of key presses and mouse clicks that are invoked with the push of a single keyboard shortcut.
Winamp, Windows Media Player and PowerDVD are three popular media players. They all have controls to play, pause and rewind music or videos. Can your multimedia keyboard control all of them? Keyboard Maniac allows the same keys and shortcuts on your keyboard to work in different applications, allowing you to assign a single easy to remember key to control the music in various media players.

Keyboard Maniac is not limited to just the media players either. You can also assign convenient keys for the actions you perform most often in the office. For example, you can insert and format a complex table with a single key press. You could even program that key to work in a similar fashion in several completely different products, such as Microsoft Excel and OpenOffice Calc!

The unique features of Keyboard Maniac allow using mouse clicks as part of your keyboard shortcuts. For example, you could assign your mouse wheel to control volume in the media player, while holding Shift and rotating the mouse wheel could control Previous or Next track.

There are many multimedia devices on the market, such as joysticks, gaming pads, steering wheels and dedicated remote controls. In most cases Keyboard Maniac lets you use these devices in just the manner that you find most convenient, allowing you to control Web browsing with a steering wheel or closing windows with a joystick’s ‘Fire!’ button.

Keyboard Maniac increases your PC performance by saving extra memory and CPU cycles typically consumed by the monstrous proprietary software bundled by many keyboard manufacturers. Keyboard Maniac supports your keyboard directly and requires no additional drivers or OEM software.

Download a free evaluation version at

Low Level Pc Poisons – Computer Fumes Dust And Gases

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Copyright 2006 Michael Madigan

Did you know computer equipment continually gives out small amounts of different gases and fine dusts? Some people are highly sensitive to these.

Plastic PC components are one source, as most plastics are unstable and break down naturally over time, especially when exposed to ultraviolet light and sunlight. (That’s the reason why they turn yellow and get brittle.)

Another source comes from vapour produced from traces of manufacturing materials slowly evaporating.

The gases and fumes given off are called ‘out-gassing’ and only occur in small amounts. But when the equipment is new, the out-gassing is greater and noticeable even to people who aren’t particularly sensitive.

This is similar to the smell that we get when we first get into a new car – out-gassing from the vinyl, plastic carpet and hard plastic interiors, as well as the wiring.

A new computer has a similar smell. So to some extent you can avoid outgassing, at least of ‘new’ volatile components, by buying a good quality ‘used’ PC.

Other office materials, particuliarly new furnishings, may also outgas – chipboard contains phenolic resins, which release trace amounts of formaldehyde; also carpeting (especially foam padding), paint and fabrics give off obnoxious chemicals when new.

People who have been sensitized (by previous exposure) may react badly to even very tiny amounts of these gases, by getting headaches, dizziness, and respiratory problems. The problems may persist even when the original cause is reduced, or disappears. In such a case it’s wise to seek qualified medical advice.

Casings may also be contaminated by fine brominated phenolic dust originally put on as a fire retardant, which can be blown out by fans, circulation or movement.

The best solutions are :-

– Initally, to run any new equipment in an empty well ventilated room to allow most of the outgassing to occur before use.

– Always work in a room with good ventilation and avoid continual high room temperaturesoutgassing will increase as the temperature rises.

Laser printers emit a lot of toner dust, which contains carbon and solvents, and quite a few people are sensitive to it. You can smell it when the printer is on, and especially on freshly printed-paper. You may notice wheeziness, coughing, and sneezing.

People working at copy centers and service bureaus often suffer from headaches, and toner dust is the main suspect. NCR paper (‘carbonless’ paper) can also cause wheeziness.

Good ventilation, drawing air away from the operator and filtering out particles, will help reduce these reactions, but effective ventilation in a commercial or home office is sometimes hard to achieve, especially in sealed buildings.

You can try going outdoors and breathing deeply for 10 minutes every hour or so. Open doors, maybe have a fan on., and avoid routine (multiple) photocopying every single document.

Think long term. Removing even mild poisons from your environment is yet another way to keep safe, stay fitter at the PC and enjoy a healthy computing career!